European power generation
Electricity is physically exchanged with nine direct neighbouring countries – Denmark, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Switzerland, Austria, the Czech Republic, Poland, and Sweden (via a submarine cable). Germany exported around 82.7 billion kWh of electricity to its neighbours in 2018, while itself importing 31.5 billion kWh.
Germany has the highest installed power plant capacity in Europe and also generates and consumes the most electricity. Further information on the energy data of the countries of Europe can be found on the website of , the Statistical Office of the European Union.
National power generation
The .maps the power generation market in Germany. Currently (as at 7 March 2019) there are generating facilities with a net rating totalling 214.2 gigawatts (GW). Of this net rating, renewable energy sources account for about 118.8 GW; of this, approx. 42.3 GW is from solar and about 55.7 GW from wind power. The installed capacity of photovoltaic and wind power units together adds up to around 98 GW.
However, this capacity is not the same as the output available on the electricity market to meet demand at any given time, as the latter depends on the weather conditions. In order to ensure that the electricity supply remains secure when there is no wind or sun, electricity from conventional power stations is used.
SMARD keeps users updated on current developments in the electricity market
SMARD, the new electricity market platform, provides information on the electricity market in a form that is transparent, easy-to-understand and well-structured.
The website presents key electricity market data for Germany and specific statistics for Europe almost in real time. Information on electricity generation and consumption, wholesale trade prices, imports and exports, and balancing energy can be found, combined, and downloaded for various periods of time. The data are presented in a user-friendly format. The platform also offers comprehensive analysis functions for experts. This allows users to follow developments in the electricity market and stay up-to-date on the energy transition and its progress.
Renewables becoming ever more important in electricity generation
In 2018, 226 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity were generated from renewable energy sources, attaining a 37.8% share of gross electricity consumption.
The electricity mix is changing
In Germany around 646 terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity were generated in 2018 – that is 646 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh). In view of an increasing contribution from renewable energy, the share of nuclear energy, lignite and hard coal in the energy sources mix in the German power supply is falling.
|bn kWh||%||bn kWh||%||bn kWh||%||bn kWh||%||bn kWh||%|
|Total gross electricity generation||627.8||100||648.1||100||650.7||100||653.6||100||646.8||100|
|Onshore wind ||57.0||9.1||72.2||11.1||67.9||10.4||87.9||13.4||92.2||14.3|
|Domestic refuse ||6.1||1.0||5.8||0.9||5.9||0.9||6.0||0.9||6.2||1.0|
|Other energy sources ||27.0||4.3||27.3||4.1||27.3||4.2||27.5||4.1||27.0||4.1|
|Balance of electricity exchange with other countries||-35.6||-51.8||-53.7||-55.0||-51.2|
|Gross electricity consumption in Germany ||592.2||596.3||597.0||698.7||595.6|
Current as of: 6 March 2019; totals may not add up due to rounding
1) Preliminary figures incl. some estimates.
2) Including generated energy consumption
3) Generation in run-of-river and reservoir power plants and from natural inflow into pumped-storage power plants
4) Only generation from biogenic part of municipal waste (approx. 50%).
5) Only generation from non-biogenic part of municipal waste (approx. 50%), pumped storage reservoirs without natural input, other gases, industrial waste, other energy sources
6) Including grid losses and in-house consumption
Sources: Federal Statistical Office, Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, German Association of Energy and Water Industries (BDEW), Statistik der Kohlenwirtschaft e.V (an organisation tasked with providing the Government with statistics from the coal industry), Centre for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research Baden-Wuerttemberg (ZSW), Working Group on Energy Balances.