Port crane handling a container, symbolising defence exports

© iStock.com/Teka77

The combined value of the individual licences issued for exports of military equipment in the first half of 2020 was €2.78 billion, according to provisional figures. This compares to €5.33 billion in the first half of 2019.

37.3% of the licences (60.1% in the first half of 2019) were for exports to EU/NATO and NATO-equivalent countries, which are linked by a particularly close security policy partnership with Germany.

Export licences worth €1.74 billion (€2.12 billion in the first half of 2019) were issued for exports to third countries. Large maritime contracts (including submarines and surface vessels) account for more than 50% of the licences for exports to third countries.

The ten countries ranking the highest in terms of the approved export volumes are:

CountryValue in €
Israel533,044,265
Egypt312,296,259
United States265,673,824
Qatar260,274,378
Singapore209,709,399
United Kingdom207,545,070
Australia120,323,650
Republic of Korea103,508,655
Peru 59,498,084
Denmark54,428,168

The total value of the licences for small arms and parts for small arms in the first semester of 2020 amounted to €18.9 million (€34.7 million in the first half of 2019). Again, EU, NATO and NATO-equivalent countries accounted for the bulk – 99% – of the value of the licences. This means that almost all the licensed exports of small arms were destined for Germany’s EU and NATO partners. This highlights the highly restrictive export policy embraced by the Federal Government for exports of small arms to third countries.