The operators of CHP plants receive a fixed supplement for every kilowatt hour of CHP electricity that is fed into the grid. Financing for the CHP Act is raised by adding a surcharge to the price of electricity. This means that the cost is shouldered by consumers. In order to ensure that the costs are divided up fairly, businesses have to contribute to financing the surcharge, with the strength of their competitiveness also being taken into account. The CHP surcharge exemptions granted to industries with intensive electricity costs is in line with the special equalisation scheme of the 2017 Renewable Energy Sources Act: a company which has been granted an exemption on the basis of the Renewable Energy Sources Act thus also enjoys relief under the CHP Act.
Overall, we are ensuring that the level of funding raised through the surcharge is proportionate to the overall costs and to the amount that consumers can be justifiably expected to bear.
In contrast to the surcharge on renewable energy, the CHP surcharge is capped at a maximum upper threshold. This stands at €1.5 billion per year. The current funding amounts to approximately €1.1 billion. In 2020, the surcharge is around 0.226 cent/kWh. For the average consumer, this works out at around €10 per year.