The cultural and creative industries comprise all cultural and creative enterprises that mostly work for profit and produce and/or disseminate cultural or creative products and services. The definition does not cover companies, institutions or associations that rely on public-sector financing.
According to this report, in 2017, Germany’s cultural and creative industries counted over one million core workers, of whom more than 254,500 were freelancers or commercial entrepreneurs and more than 900,000 were employees subject to social-security contributions. In 2017, the number of employees subject to social-security contributions rose by an estimated 4.3%. This means that nearly 188,000 new jobs subject to the payment of social security contributions have been added to the sector since 2009. The total number of people working in the industry, including those in minor employment, was almost 1.7 million in 2017. There were a total of 254,700 companies in the cultural and creative industries, generating combined turnover of more than €158 billion.