The cultural and creative industries comprise all cultural and creative enterprises that mostly work for profit and produce and/or disseminate cultural or creative products and services. The definition does not cover companies, institutions or associations that rely on public-sector financing.
The German government publishes an annual keeping track of the latest changes in the industry as part of its Cultural and Creative Industries Initiative. In 2016, there were more than one million people in Germany working in the cultural and creative industries, of whom more than 253,000 were freelancers or commercial entrepreneurs and around 864,000 were employees subject to social-security contributions. In 2016, the number of employees subject to social-security contributions rose by an estimated 3.5 per cent. This means that nearly 100,000 new jobs subject to the payment of social security contributions have been created in the last four years. The total number of people working in the industry, including those in minor employment, was higher than 1.6 million in 2016. There was a total of 253,200 companies in the cultural and creative industries, generating combined turnover of more than €154 billion.