The operators of CHP plants will receive a fixed supplement for ever kilowatt hour of CHP electricity that is fed into the grid. Financing for the CHP Act is raised by adding a surcharge to the price of electricity. This means that the cost will be shouldered by consumers. In order to ensure that the costs are divided up fairly, businesses have to contribute to financing the surcharge, with the strength of their competitiveness also being taken into account. Privileges granted to energy-intensive industries under the Combined Heat and Power Act were matched to the special equalisation scheme provided for in the 2017 Renewable Energy Sources Act: a company which has been granted an exemption on the basis of the Renewable Energy Sources Act will thus also enjoy relief under the CHP Act.
Overall, we are ensuring that the level of funding raised through the surcharge is proportionate to the overall costs and to the amount that consumers can be justifiably expected to bear.
In contrast to the surcharge on renewable energy, the CHP surcharge is capped at a maximum upper threshold. This now stands at €1.5 billion per year. In 2017, the surcharge is around 0.438 cent/kWh. For the average consumer, this works out at around €15 per year.