The orientation for the energy transition is provided by the , further decisions by the Bundestag, and European rules. A new chapter in the energy transition was opened on 8 July 2016 when the Bundestag and Bundesrat adopted three pieces of legislation: on the further development of the electricity market, on the digitisation of the energy transition, and on the revision of the Renewable Energy Sources Act.
In passing this legislation, we have succeeded in bringing the various strands of the energy transition together. Up until now, renewable energy, the electricity market, energy efficiency, the grids and digitisation have each been treated as separate elements. What we have done is to turn these all into a consistent overall framework. This is the biggest reform of the electricity market since the deregulation of the 1990s. We are continuing to integrate renewable energy into the electricity market, are creating the electricity market 2.0 – a market fit for integrating a growing share of renewables – and are enabling the development of a digital infrastructure that is capable of connecting more than 1.5 million electricity producers and large-scale consumers. Moving forward together at European level is more efficient than pursuing national strategies unilaterally. This is why our reforms are anchored in the European internal market.
There are clear goals for all the areas of the energy transition – electricity, heat and transport. The focus is on two core objectives: Firstly, the energy supply should be increasingly based on . Secondly, energy should be used more and more .
A target architecture for the energy transition
Monitoring the progress towards the targets of the energy transition – and deriving specific measures from this: That is the task of the target architecture for the energy transition. It prioritises the various quantitative goals of the Federal Government’s Energy Concept and imposes a clear structure on them. In the target architecture of the energy transition and the specific measures, the Federal Government is aiming to deploy low-cost solutions and optimal system integration for renewables. This will put the conditions in place to ensure that energy remains affordable for consumers.