The definition and development of unified standards is important not only for the future of specific sectors of industry in our country – such as mechanical engineering and automation technology – but also for dealing with transversal issues such as Industrie 4.0 and thus for the entire economy. The German economy is tackling head-on the challenges of digitalisation linked to Industrie 4.0. It wants to make sure that there is fair and free competition and that we can protect our economy from dependence on outside technology. Consensus-based standardisation, which is based on fair, transparent and open procedures, is important for the future development of our economy – not least in order to achieve balanced results. RAMI 4.0 (Reference Architecture Model Industrie 4.0), which has been developed in Germany, can support this process and provide important input at both national and international level.