Several components go into the retail gas price that households pay to gas suppliers.

  • Energy procurement and supply costs, plus the supplier's margin (i. e. the amount set through market competition)
  • Regulated network tariffs (which may include charges for meter operation, metering and billing) that must be paid to the grid operator for supplying a particular customer
  • State-introduced price components (taxes and rights-of-way use fees)

State-introduced price components and network fees are set by legislators or regulators and thus fall outside the supplier's control. The supplier's procurement and supply costs, by contrast, are determined by market competition and can vary from one supplier to the next.

In 2015, the competition-based share in the gas price totalled around 52.57%. Grid use fees accounted for 21.72% and state-imposed price components for 25.71% of the gas price diagram (PDF: 256 KB).

Infographics: Composition of the gas price for residential customers with an annual consumption of 23.269 kWh as of 1 April 2015; Sources: Monitoring Report 2015 from Federal Network Agency/Federal Cartel Offfice Enlarge

Composition of the gas price for residential customers with an annual consumption of 23.269 kWh as of 1 April 2015

© Monitoring Report 2015 from Federal Network Agency/Federal Cartel Offíce

The 2015 Monitoring Report (PDF: 7,6 MB) from the Federal Network Agency (BNetzA) and the Bundeskartellamt (BKartA) puts the total average gas price at 6.68 cents/kWh for household customers, based on an annual gas consumption of 23.26 kWh. According to the Report, energy procurement and supply accounted for 3.51 ct/kWh on average (competition-based share).

Grid use fees vary across the country, because they depend on the costs in the specific grid area and the gas consumption in that area. According to the 2015 Monitoring Report, the nation-wide average was 1.45 ct/kWh.