The Federal Government adopted the National Electromobility Development Plan today. The plan was drawn up jointly by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, and the Federal Ministry for Education and Research. It sets the course for the mobility of the future. The Federal Government's aim is to see one million electric vehicles on Germany's roads by 2020.
The National Electromobility Development Plan sets out measures intended to bring about further progress on battery technology, grid integration, the preparation of the market and the market launch of electric vehicles in the coming ten years. One significant element here is the coupling of electromobility and renewable energy; after all, only if renewables are used will electric vehicles practically be zero-emission vehicles in terms of CO2 and pollutants. Furthermore, research and development work is to be intensified, the training capacities on the relevant engineering courses increased, and the potential to integrate car batteries as mobile storage units in the power grid developed.
The research support is concentrated on two key areas: firstly, the battery as the heart of future marketable electric vehicles, and secondly the development of new systems for electric vehicles, focusing especially on energy efficiency, safety and reliability. Further to this, the Federal Government will collaborate closely with municipalities in order to put the public infrastructure for electromobility in place. And in addition to the regulatory measures, such as the introduction of advantages for users like special lanes or parking spaces, thought is also being given to a market incentive programme.
The measures already being taken under the second economic stimulus package mean that Germany is starting out from a strong position as it implements the National Development Plan and develops electromobility further. The basic technologies for electrical propulsion, energy storage and grid infrastructure have been developed. However, there is still a need for more research, improvement and networking at numerous points in the value chain. The implementation of the National Electromobility Development Plan is demanding close co-ordination between all the relevant players right from the outset.
The Federal Government's commitment to electromobility also forms part of the its strategy to move away from oil. Furthermore, it is making a significant contribution towards the implementation of the goals anchored at Meseberg in the Integrated Energy and Climate Programme (IEKP). It is also important to view electromobility in the context of the Federal Government's fuel strategy and high-tech strategy (HTS).
In the second economic stimulus package, the Federal Government had already allocated funding totalling ¤ 500 million for research and development into forward-looking and sustainable mobility.